What is a TLD?

What is a TLD?

Your domain name consists of different elements. However, TLD also known as Top-Level Domain is the last part of your domain name. As Top-Level Domain is located at the end of the domain name, therefore, it is also called Domain Suffix.

  • Any domain name containing a second and top-level domain name is known to be a fully qualified domain name.
  • Also, remember that top-level domain is commonly characterized based on what a website is linked with. Therefore, it can easily be used to identify the purpose of a website, owner, and even geographical location of a site without even exploring the content.

For example, a top-level domain .edu represents that the website is meant for educational purposes. or it is owned by any educational institute.

Structure of a domain name

To understand more about TLD, let’s dig into details of a domain name structure below:

Any domain name consists of a series of letters or numbers that are connected with dots. However, each dot in the domain name is representing a separate domain name element. Furthermore, each segment of a domain name is known to be a different level.

For Example, in my.work.com, you can see three words that are separated by two dots. Each dot here is representing a separate section which makes it easier for web browsers to find your requested content more effectively.

However, in this domain name:

  • .com is a TLD or Top-level domain
  • .work is the second-level domain name
  • While “my” is a subdomain or third-level domain name.

Types of TLDs

Even though TLD is a little piece of your domain name but it’s highly important for your brand. Besides helping your business in branding, TLD also plays a vital role in DNS (Domain Name System).

There are three different categories of TLDs assigned by ICANN/IANA. Let’s know about these below:

  1. gTLD: gTLD stands for Generic Top-Level Domain that includes .com, .org, .net, .name, .biz, .info and more.
  2. ccTLD: These are Country-Code Top-Level Domains note the Territory or location ISO code. Some common examples include .ca for Canada, .uk for the United Kingdom, .pk for Pakistan, .us for the United States, .in for India, and more.
  3. sTLD: These are Sponsored Top-Level Domains handled by private organizations. These include .gov, .edu, .int, .mil, .post and more.

Examples of TLD

Even though most of the websites find their success using .com TLD mainly because it is the most common yet familiar TLD by the public. However, over time some site owners have started using TLDs such as .org, .net. These three are the most commonly used TLDs in the real world. 

While people now have also experimented with the tons of other options available in this regard.

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